some of which remain undiscovered. Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon rainforest is one of the most important forests in the world. The Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 1,000 species of frogs. From November to March, some birds migrate from North America to the Central American and South American tropics. By comparison, 700 bird species are found in the whole of North America. Keystone species maintain the local biodiversity of an ecosystem, influencing the abundance and type of other species in a habitat. Get Started. The Poison-dart frog is by far the most poisonous frog on earth. The leaves are greenish and shiny, and on the dorsal part (bottom), they are rough and ferruginous in color. A keystone species is an organism who has a big impact on the environment. They also are helping keep the rainforest diverse. When they eat, a large amount of seeds from the fruit they consumed are dispersed around the tropical rainforest by these animals. Every species in the Amazon consumes many different species, and is likewise consumed by many different species, therefore a key indicator is not readily apparent. They are keeping the diversity of the rainforest's woody plants. The Amazon contains millions of species, most of them still undescribed, and some of the world's most unusual wildlife. These forests are home to an incredible diversity of plant and animal life. At one site in the Peruvian Amazon, about 575 bird species have been identified within a mere 5,500-hectare section of the rainforest. It is the world’s richest and most-varied biological reservoir, containing several million species. Vismia guianensis species, commonly known in the north of Brazil by the name of “pau-de-lacre,” is a rough perennial plant with a brown coloration . They disperse seeds throughout the forest which keeps plant populations alive. It is one of Earth's last refuges for jaguars, harpy eagles and pink dolphins, and home to thousands of birds and butterflies. The Amazon Rainforest has different tree species. Amazon Rainforest, large tropical rainforest occupying the Amazon basin in northern South America and covering an area of 2,300,000 square miles (6,000,000 square km). The Amazon Basin is home to half of the world's tropical forests. It covers a vast expanse of South America and is home to hundreds of thousands of species … Many fruits depend on orangutans to disperse their seeds around the forest to allow for plant reproduction. Species lacre (Vismia guianensis), adapted from [17]. . If orangutans became extinct, the whole ecosystem would be unbalanced. . Simply put, this tiny portion of the forest holds more diversity than the tree species in North America, Asia, and Europe as a whole. 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