Neoclassical literature was developed in Spain and some countries in Latin America, with the intention of enhancing scientific and rational values, as well as the national identities of each region. When Pope declares the limits of man, he also sets, by implications, the limits for the artist: “Know then thyself, presume not God to scanThe proper study of mankind is man!”. Both religious beliefs and morality were grounded on reason. Hence, this age is also called the Age of Sensibility. It was a time of careful moral appearance, though appearances were more valued than honesty. We hope you are enjoying Penlighten! After the Renaissance, Platonism and Christian Humanism, we find in the Neoclassical age, the dominance of Materialism and Empirical Science. The neoclassical era is nestled between the renaissance and romantic periods of literature. Neoclassical literature was written between 1660 and 1798. The age wished to understand not to imagine. Literary classicism was most popular and had the most impact from the mid-1700s to about 1800, primarily in England. c. 1660 In England, Neoclassicism flourished roughly between 1660, when the Stuarts returned to the throne, and the 1798 publication of Wordsworth's Lyrical Ballads, with its theoretical preface and collection of poems that came to be seen as heralding the beginning of the Romantic Age. He further divided poetry into three heads, that of fables, political satire, and doctrinal poems. Thinkers of this age considered reason to be the highest mental faculty and sufficient guide in all areas. last quarter of 17th century named after the influence of John…. Qualities like balance, reason, and intellect were the main focus of this era. Writers such as Pope, Dryden, Daniel Defoe, Swift, and Addison were the major contributors to this era. The writings of this period include many different genres such as novels, diaries, essays, and satires. While writers like Richard Blackmore wrote King Arthur, it also saw critics like Jeremy Collier, John Dryden, and John Dennis who gave a new direction to understand literature and theater. 1890–1917; its last manifestation was in Beaux-Arts architecture, and its final large public projects were the Lincoln Memorial (highly criticized at the time), the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. (also heavily criticized by the architectural community as being backward thinking and old fashioned in its design), and the American Museum of Natural History's Roosevelt Memorial. 20th Century (Modern) Poetry characteristics. The Neoclassical Period is also called the "Enlightenment" due to the increased reverence for logic and disdain for superstition.The period is marked by the rise of Deism, intellectual backlash against earlier Puritanism, and America's revolution against England. Most of the author’s motivation came from “classical” angles of Old Greece or Old Rome. Neoclassical authors saw the world under a new light. A large number of satires and works of the period attack the man for his pride and advise him to remain content with his limited power of knowledge. The iambic pentameter was one of the popular forms of poetry, preferred by the poets and the listeners. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. "Neoclassical" refers to the increased influence of Classical literature upon these centuries. Characteristics of Neoclassicism• The Classical values: the neoclassicists emphasis upon the classical values of objectivity, impersonality, rationality, decorum, balance, harmony, proportion, and moderation. They were able to meet each other at coffeehouses and places of interest where they could discuss various topics. Neoclassical literature spans 138 years. Thus the decline of drama happened. Among the Neoclassical forms of literature, the most famous were the essay, both in verse and prose. In literature also, the reason is predominant in the Neoclassical age. An important failure of the age was to produce tragedy. Copyright © Penlighten & Buzzle.com, Inc.