HX 229 was also eastbound and sailed from New York on 8 March, with 40 ships and the local escort. One U-boat had been lost with all hands, though a number had been damaged. Had the convoy link between North America and Britain been broken, the course of World War II would have been different. Background. This record (browse from here by hierarchy or by reference) Catalogue description Convoy number HX 229(A) from Halifax (later New York) to UK. HX 229 was also eastbound and sailed from New York on 8 March, with 40 ships and the local escort. [2] Kriegsmarine tactics against convoys employed multiple-submarine wolfpack tactics in nearly simultaneous surface attacks at night. The other ships of B4 were the destroyers HMS Beverley, Mansfield and Witherington and the corvette Anemone, although Witherington had to detach on 15 March, to be replaced by the corvette Pennywort for the crossing. The battle around convoys HX 229 and SC 122 occurred during March 1943 in the Battle of the Atlantic, and was the largest convoy battle of World War II. X-ray (11,682 words) case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article An X-ray, or X-radiation, is a penetrating form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation. Had the convoy link between North America and Britain been broken, the course of World War II would have been different. Convoys HX 229/SC 122: Convoy HX 231: Convoy HX 237: Convoy HX 300: Convoy OB 293: Convoy OG 69: Convoy OG 71: Convoy OG 82: ON convoys: Convoy ON 67: Convoy ON 92: Convoy ON 113: Convoy ON 115: Convoy ON 122: Convoy ON 127: Convoy ON 144: Convoy ON 153: Convoy ON 154: Convoy ON 166: Convoy ON 207: Convoy ONS 5 : Convoys ONS 18/ON 202: Convoys ONS 20/ON 206: River-class frigate: Convoy … [3] One hundred merchant ships in trade convoys HX 229 and SC 122 encountered three wolfpacks of 38 submarines in a single sprawling action, which German radio reported as "the greatest convoy battle of all time" (Die grösste Geleitzugschlacht aller Zeiten). Had the convoy link between North America and Britain been broken, the course of World War II would have been different. How to transfigure the Wikipedia . Convoys HX 229/SC 122. Ordering and viewing options This record has not been digitised and cannot be downloaded. The ocean escort was B4 Escort Group from St John's, of four destroyers and a corvette. Attacked in March 1943, this action, which converged with the action around SC 122, was the largest convoy battle of the Atlantic campaign. As it was, there was a period during the winter of 1942-43 when the Germans came close to cutting the North Atlantic lifeline. HX 229 Convoy HX 229 departed New York on 8 March 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 23. The first couple of days were uneventful but on the morning of March 16th, U-653 sighted HX 229, and sent a sighting report to U-boat Command. This unpleasant-looking character is called the Squander Bug, and it was created during the Second World War by artist Phillip Boydell, an employee of the National Savings Committee. Help was on its way in the form of the destroyer HMS Highlander, under Commander ECL Day. In the first twenty days of March, 1943, the Germans sank ninety-seven Allied merchant ships – twice the rate of replacement. The ocean escort was B4 Escort Group from St John's, of four destroyers and a corvette. HX 229 was also joined by the corvette HMS Abelia, detached from another convoy. [7] Also during March nine U-boats were destroyed in the Atlantic, and more were damaged, leading to a hiatus in U-boat operations during April. British merchant shipping was formed into convoys for protection against German submarine attack. HMS Highlander joined that afternoon, a welcome addition as B4 was by this time reduced to five ships. HX Convoys From September 1939 until September 1942, the HX series carried traffic from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Liverpool. Together, they contain nearly 100 merchant ships. During the night of 17/18 March the attack on both convoys, now just 70 miles apart, continued. As it was, there was a period during the winter of 1942-43 when the Germans came close to cutting the North Atlantic lifeline. The first convoy, HX-1, was a 15-ship group that departed Halifax on 16 Sep 39 (Canada’s Declaration of War occurred in parliament on 09 Sep and was given Royal Ascent by the Governor General a day later). The German B-Dienst signals intelligence group, had given notice of an east-bound convoy and by 8pm on 13 March had a location for SC 122. ‎"Winston Churchill wrote, The only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril. This resulted in the British code breakers being starved of the cribs necessary to break "Shark", the cipher used by the German U-Boats. Kriegsmarine tactics against convoys employed multiple-submarine wolfpack tactics in nearly simultaneous surface attacks at night. It was led on this occasion by Commander GJ L… More than 300 merchant seaman died. The U-Boat tracking room at the Admiralty Operational Intelligence Centre was therefore unable to divert convoys around the U-Boat packs. Also on 19 March U-384 was attacked by air patrol to the north of SC 122 and sunk. In the first twenty days of March, 1943, the Germans sank ninety-seven Allied merchant ships twice the rate of replacement. U-338 sank the freighter Granville, of SC 122 in the evening, surviving a fierce counter-attack by escorts, and after midnight U-305 sank two more ships (Port Auckland and Zouave). One of these was attacked by a destroyer but again without success. They absorbed the BHX convoys from Bermuda en route. To install click the Add extension button. A further 34 ships which should have been included were delayed due to congestion at New York; they sailed the following day as HX 229A. The convoy, made up of contingents from Halifax, Sydney and Bermuda was led by Commodore HH Rogers RNR in Tregarthen. The first few days of the convoy were uneventful; HX 229 met its Mid-Ocean Escort Force on 14 March and the local escort departed. 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