What do you think was the main reason for your worst experience? Not at allS17. “Discrimination and Health.”  In Anderson, N.B. How many times in your life have you been discriminated against in each of the following ways because of such things as your race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or other characteristics? 5 Pp. In what month or year did this happen? “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452.•    QuestionnaireIn the following questions, we are interested in the way other people have treated you or your beliefs about how other people have treated you. This is a review of five instruments designed to measure workplace discrimination, prejudice, and attitudes toward diversity. NOH3a. “Race and Health: Basic Questions, Emerging Directions.” Annals of Epidemiology. 10. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2011 173(11): 1240-1243. People act as if they’re better than you are.8. Man touching woman's knee. Some3. Not at all. x���mo�8����G �2�H��H��������)�~Pm��^���K��͐�M�"��H��G�¡������6���ã������|=���������>�\��/�f~�x���?9&�/^~`�1�Irqu����3"2E��h�SU��ۃW��?�}��kBҿ�ů�N�?��ziN3.���/��%����a@��wMswSu����$9���4YA�5ݡ�(C���Ϩ���y+� �i��dZВh&h�Z����"����2������׫)~�L_�g�v��z�?�y������ZN�Ӑ��lk��T�7�W����BS�J�3rNI*�/i�����MZ�WUʲ�_�B#5�ړ�^pʠ)l��6�ׇ�\Mx�Th^�R�ݢ�{Q3ρm�!2�6r{1[�T��ȋ 1997 7(5):322-333.•    Clark, R., Anderson, N.B., Clark, V.R., and Williams, D.R. 6. What was the main reason? How often does your supervisor or boss direct racial or ethnic slurs or jokes at you?6. JAI Press. A little4. 8. Think in advance about the kinds of problems you are likely to experience?2. In addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior by teachers or classmates?Police/Courts13. )# OF TIMES IN YOUR LIFE1. 2005; 61(7):1576-1596. o    Taylor T.R., Kamarck T.W., Shiffman S. “Validation of the Detroit area study discrimination scale in a community sample of older African American adults: the Pittsburgh healthy heart project.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. Epub 2018 Feb 2. Your Religion    6. “Race, Place, and Discrimination.” In Carol Gardner (ed. “Being Black and Feeling Blue: The Mental Health Consequences of Racial Discrimination”. Was your worst experience of ________________________ also your VERY FIRST experience?Response Categories:     YES -   GO TO H4. You were denied or provided inferior medical care? Frustrated3. A., Williams, D. R. "Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortality." Tried to do something about it.2. “Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in the U.S. and South Africa.” Ethnicity and Health. ), Self, Social Identity and Physical Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations. Brown, T.N., Williams, D.R., Torres, M., Sellers, S.L., and Brown, K. “Racism and the Physical and Mental Health Status of African Americans: A Thirteen-Year National Panel Study.” Ethnicity and Disease, 1996 6(1,2):132-147.•    Williams, D.R., Yu, Y., Jackson, J.S., and Anderson, N.B. •    Ren, X.S., Amick, B., Williams, D.R. No. •    Adapted from the 1995 DAS  •    See http://www.midus.wisc.edu/ for more information•    Source: Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R. 6�*jU�,Q��JG� •    Developed for the Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS). 1 0 obj 6. 1995 Pp. ), Encyclopedia of Stress, 2nd Edition, volume 3. •    Williams, D.R., Lavizzo-Mourey, R., and Warren, R.C. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY physically threatened or abused by the police?15. You were denied a bank loan? For unfair reasons, have you ever not been hired for a job?3. The results are Harvard T.H. Obese women in the same weight range will pay over three thousand six hundred dollars more per year in medical costs than others. “Unfair Treatment, Neighborhood Effects, and Mental Health in the Detroit Metropolitan Area”. Our research indicates that about one in five workers 40 and older has experienced age-related discrimination. ), Perspectives on Social Problems. “Online Racial Discrimination and Psychological Adjustment among Adolescents.” Journal of Adolescent Health, 2008 43:565-569. 3. The leading treatise on U.S. employment discrimination law runs to two volumes and 3,500 pages; no other country has a discrimination law treatise so long.2 By now, decades after America’s civil Felt that you brought it on yourself. <> Have you ever moved into a neighborhood where neighbors made life difficult for you or your family?8. 2. �����8���t W�ٗ�Mb��|k��O���RM��z��N;�I�-�&�������䌆����~����_�T�u�m�� y͓S\�G�fK|��+?�g������>-�5�L���c��f*�| �yC�Bw�>/����`OQ6R�qD�%U*,*�-�����?�5�Ҙ����X�ħ4��}���S�b�Ѽ3�%�I�� K����� �,j7�B�83�5s����s ���.m��\���������=��W#l�%�m; (L. D. Bobo, M. L. Oliver, J. H. Johnson, A. Valenzuela, Eds.). Have you ever been UNFAIRLY denied a promotion?5. endobj 4. •    Adapted from 2 sources:o    McNeilly, M.D., Anderson, N.B., Armstead, C.A., Clark, R., Corbett, M., Robinson, E.L., Pieper, C.F. In addition to what we have talked about, is there any other way you have been treated UNFAIRLY AT WORK, for example, prevented from doing something or been hassled or made to feel inferior?Housing6. How many times has this happened during your lifetime? Some other Aspect of Your Physical Appearance    9. Your age2. 1997; 9:231-261. •    Williams, D.R., and Collins, C.  “Reparations:  A Viable Strategy to Address the Enigma of African-American Health.” American Behavioral Scientist, 2004 47 (7):977-1000.•    Williams, D.R. 1999 New York: Oxford University Press. How stressful was this experience for you? “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. South Africa. ” Ethnicity and Health: Basic questions, Emerging Directions. ” Annals of Epidemiology, ;! Often does your supervisor or co-workers make slurs or jokes at you? 6 FOLLOW-UP question for each item number. 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